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Cocaine

Crack cocaine addiction documentary

Crack cocaine addiction documentary

June 11th, 2013

Looking for an excellent crack cocaine addiction documentary? Check out Hitting Rock Bottom, a dramatized TV-style film series about addiction. More about documentaries about addiction here.

28 How to withdraw from cocaine

How to withdraw from cocaine

June 3rd, 2013

The best way to withdraw from cocaine is under medical supervision so that you can process cravings and avoid relapse. More strategies for how to withdraw from cocaine here.

2 What is cocaine withdrawal?

What is cocaine withdrawal?

May 14th, 2013

Cocaine withdrawal is your body’s response to the absence of cocaine in your system. Find out more about what happes during cocaine withdrawal and why here.

42 Mixing cocaine with alcohol

Mixing cocaine with alcohol

April 28th, 2013

What are the effects of mixing cocaine and alcohol? Can you overdose? Or maybe get really sick? More here mixing cocaine and alcohol.

2 How to treat cocaine addiction

How to treat cocaine addiction

March 24th, 2013

If you or someone you know is living with cocaine addiction, getting clean is possible. Here, we review the many ways cocaine addiction is treated. Details on how to treat cocaine addiction here.

Help for cocaine addiction

Help for cocaine addiction

March 12th, 2013

Cocaine addiction can be successfully managed with the proper treatment. To start getting help today, speak with your physician, research cocaine addiction treatment centers, or look for addiction programs in your community. Find more information on how to get help for cocaine addiction here.

3 Is cocaine addictive?

Is cocaine addictive?

December 5th, 2012

Yes, cocaine is addictive. What makes cocaine so effective? We explore here.

8 How does crack work?

How does crack work?

October 18th, 2012

Crack cocaine works by affecting the dopamine neurotransmitters in the brain. Can you make crack work better? What does crack do in the body? More on how crack cocaine works in the brain and body here. Plus a section for your questions about crack at the end.

71 Snorting cocaine

Snorting cocaine

May 18th, 2012

Is snorting Cocaine effective or dangerous? What dangers are present when you snort cocaine and can they be avoided? More on the effects of snorting Cocaine here.

24 How does cocaine work?

How does cocaine work?

May 12th, 2012

Cocaine is a stimulant which acts on the central nervous system. More on how cocaine works, cocaine’s uses, side effects, and dangers here.

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Cocaine

What is cocaine?

Cocaine is a drug obtained from the leaves of coca plant (Erythroxylum Coca). Pure cocaine has a chemical formula C17H21NO4. Cocaine can be smoked, consumed orally, inhaled or administered using suppositories.

Cocaine appears in several forms, but pure cocaine is a white and pearly powder. Cocaine can also exist as crack cocaine, a freebase form of cocaine containing baking soda and other impurities. Cocaine also appears in a liquid form as cocaine hydrochloride for medical use. The amount of cocaine found in any form varies largely by dealer.

Cocaine is also known by names such as Barbs, Blow, Coke, Dream, Foo-foo dust, Her, King’s habit, Peruvian lady and Snow. Crack cocaine is also known in the streets as Crack, Rock, Iron, Cavvy, Beam, Bopper, Candy, CDs, Electric kool-aid, Girl, Mighty white, Pop, Real tops, Rock, SevenUp, Space, Twinkie and Yam.

How is cocaine made?

To make cocaine, coca leaves are processed by soaking them in water with lime to release the alkaloids. Then, a solvent such as kerosene or diesel is added to the mixture to recover alkaloids and then dried to make a paste. Chemicals like ether and sulfuric acid are then added into the paste to increase purity and create cocaine hydrochloride. It takes 100 to 150 kilos of dry coca leaves to make a kilo of cocaine paste, and it’s a bit amazing that this process is still used by clandestine labs to make several tons a day.

Cocaine effects

Cocaine is a stimulant – the most powerful stimulant found in nature. In general, cocaine has an uncontrolled stimulating effect in the body. The effects of cocaine soon after administration are called a “high”. Snorting or injecting cocaine can produce a high sooner than other routes of administration. Common effects of cocaine include:

  • raised blood pressure
  • raised heart rate
  • spikes in brain activity

Cocaine’s mechanism of action

Cocaine easily crosses the blood-brain barrier (one of the few drugs able to do so) and enters the brain where it immediately interacts by stimulating the neurotransmitter dopamine. In fact, cocaine works by overstimulation of the receptors on the postsynaptic neuron of a brain nerve, either by increasing the amount of dopamine in the synapse through excessive presynaptic release or by inhibiting dopamine’s pattern of reuptake or chemical breakdown. Because the receptors are stimulated for an extended period of time, the user experiences elevated mood, less fatigue, more energy and strength and restlessness.

Cocaine overdose

The main problem with cocaine is that it causes unpredictable constriction of blood vessels in the body, causing reduced or loss of supply of blood to vital organs like the kidneys, liver, brain and heart. Cocaine overdose can lead to organ damage or stroke. In addition, high amounts of cocaine can exert intense stimulation to brain cells that cause abnormally high spikes of electrical activity and result to life-threatening seizures.

Anyone who uses cocaine can experience overdose because the purity of street-brought drug can fluctuate wildly. Here are signs and symptoms of cocaine overdose:

  • breathing difficulties; gasping breath, or irregular breathing
  • coldness of the hands, feet and body core (hypothermia)
  • heart beat irregularities; heart rate too fast, weak or out of rhythm
  • high blood pressure, heart failure and heart attack
  • incontinence
  • loss of consciousness and passing out
  • seizures

Cocaine naive users can experience overdose even from a small amount of high-purity cocaine. The threat of cocaine overdose is multiplied when other drugs like methamphetamine and alcohol are used concurrently. Cocaine overdose can easily proceed to life-threatening situation, so immediate medical help is necessary. A person overdosed with cocaine can die from heart attack, shock or organ failure.

If you happen to find a person with signs and symptoms of cocaine overdose, call 911 or contact poison control center immediately. Do not give any water, coffee or any liquid to the victim. Try to keep him or her awake. Do not leave the victim, and follow instructions of the medical professional on the end of the line. If the victim is unconscious and has no breathing or heartbeat, you or others may need to perform emergency CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) until paramedics arrive. In case the victim has seizures, do not try to hold him or put a towel in his mouth. Just clear the area to avoid the victim from hurting himself, and put him in the recovery position to reduce risk of choking in case he vomits.

For more information on cocaine, see:

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